Notes

Non-royal tombs of MK at Hawara

The Middle Kingdom tombs north of the pyramid at Hawara have suffered the same near-total destruction as the Labyrinth itself. Petrie produced a plan of several rectangular buildings in this area, remains of tomb superstructures alongside burial shaft openings. The closest parallel in time and layout would be the tombs north of the pyramid of Senusret III at Dahshur. These allow us to sketch a speculative reconstruction of the Hawara Middle Kingdom tombs. One of the smallest but best-recorded tombs in this northern area is that of a woman named Satrenenutet. The surviving finds from her tomb are preserved in the Petrie Museum, and the notebook and publication permit a reconstruction of the original appearance.


Mummy portraits

Roman Period mummy portraits from Hawara - Petrie recovered about 180 of these extremely fragile paintings, the largest group found in excavation and one of the most important discoveries for classical art history. The Petrie Museum preserves 41 of the total found, some well preserved, others fragmentary. There is space for nine of these in the present display room in the University. In the future it is hoped to display all.


A late Roman tomb group

The northern cemeteries at Hawara, and probably also the village south of the pyramid, continued in use after the official conversion of the Roman Empire to Christianity in the fourth century AD. Workmen brought to Petrie in 1888 the finds from some rich burials of this date, including one apparently of a child for which the grave goods are preserved in the Petrie Museum. They offer an instructive contrast to the finds from the tomb of Satrenenutet, though the position of the objects around the body or bodies was not recorded for the late burials.

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